History & Museum Historical Stories
THE MURDER OF SERGEANT JOHN VERNE
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Researched & written by Staff Sergeant Jack Templeman (retired)
The third time that
Greater Winnipeg was shocked by the murder of a policeman came
fourteen years after the double murder of the Provincial Police
officers in St. Boniface. This
time it was to be a St. Boniface Police officer who laid down his
life although the murder actually took place in Winnipeg.
Sgt. John Verne was well
known throughout St. Boniface as 'Sergeant John' by school
children and adults alike. He
had joined the small St. Boniface Force on August 20th, 1920 and
was promoted to sergeant in 1922.
On Tuesday, July 24th,
1934, Sgt. Verne was on duty in the St. Boniface Police station
located in the basement of the City Hall on Provencher Avenue.
At this time the force only consisted of 10 men and Verne
was also acting as Chief Constable while Chief Baudry was on
leave. On day shift
there was only one man out on beat patrol and a detective came in
later in the morning. The
remainder the men were spread out on afternoon and night shifts
and weekly leave. The
usual routine was for the sergeant to serve in the station and
pass on calls to the beat constable.
In an emergency, he would take the cruiser and respond
alone, or pick up the beat man and then respond.
When he left the station, he called the fire hall directly
behind and a fireman came to answer the phone.
On the particular day,
about 08:15 a.m., Verne received a report of a robbery taking
place at the Norbridge Pharmacy, 11 St. Mary's Road.
He jotted the address on a pad, then called Fireman Art
Humphries to take the desk. Verne
then proceeded to the pharmacy alone.
The hold-up at the
pharmacy was being committed by George D. Jayhan, Shea or Zaha.
He had been born in Ridgeville, Manitoba and was 34 years
old. Little is known
of him other than he spent considerable time in at least six
institutions in the U.S. before being deported back to Canada at
Windsor, Ontario in 1932. He was arrested there for possessing stolen goods but only
received a fine. Then
he moved west, right out to Vancouver and it was probably there
that he became a heroin addict, as the inland cities were not drug
oriented in those years.
Jayhan could be called a
born loser. His
record indicated he was often caught and a study of the Norbridge
Pharmacy robbery leave one to wonder how he managed to evade
capture during earlier robberies in Winnipeg.
Shortly after his
arrival in Winnipeg in 1934 the city started to experience a rash
of drug store break-ins and then robberies by a nervous suspect.
He was armed and always tied up the proprietors.
His nervousness caused concern that he might become violent
and he finally did on July 24th.
The gun he had been using in the hold-ups and finally in
the murder had been stolen from a break & enter at McBurney
Drugs, 890 Sargent Avenue in May of that year.
Jayhan had prepared for
the robbery the day before by stealing a Desoto Sedan from 489
Kingsway Avenue in Fort Rouge.
Then early on Tuesday he set out to rob the drug store and
entered it about 08:10 a.m. Only the pharmacist Frank Wade was there when Jayhan entered
with the revolver. Wade
was forced to show Jayhan where the narcotics were stored before
being taken to a back room and tied up, as was the usual routine.
Jayhan gathered the drugs into a carton and then emptied
the cash register. Next
Jayhan started to steal all the cigarettes and was placing them in
a separate carton when his day started to go bad.
The delivery boy,
William Rodger, arrived for work and walked in on Jayhan.
Jayhan had to stop and take the boy into the back room and
tie him up beside Frank Wade.
Hardly had he re-entered the store when the first customer
of the day, Raymond Jackson, walked in.
Again, Jayhan had to herd him into the back room and tie
Before anyone else
arrived Jayhan took the box of stolen cigarettes out to the stolen
car parked behind the store.
When he returned to get the box of drugs, he must have been
surprised to find both Wade and Jackson had freed themselves.
He did not know that Jackson had time to phone the St.
Boniface Police with Sgt. Verne receiving the call.
Jayhan tied the two men
up again and left the store obviously shook up as he forgot the
box of drugs, his main concern and reason for the robbery.
When Jayhan had been
holding Mr. Wade up, a young boy, Jackie Dick, was passing the
store and saw what was happening.
He did not enter but ran to the service station then
located at Marion and St. Mary's Road.
While the service station operator called the police, Dick
was joined by four other boys who had been at the station.
They all watched the drug store and saw Jayhan drive off in
the stolen car. Then all the boys ran over to the drug store and went in.
Meanwhile Jayhan had
hardly left the store when he must have realized that he forgot
the drugs so he returned within minutes and now found the five
boys in the store. This time he just herded the boys into the back room and told
them to stay there without bothering to tie them up. He did not notice that Wade had gotten loose again as he hid
in the store until Jayhan went back out with the box of drugs.
Jayhan ran back to the
car in the lane and in his haste driving out to Horace Street, he
had to cross a wooden sidewalk that blew out a tire.
He abandoned the stolen car but this time remembered to
take the box of drugs as he ran east on Horace Street towards
Right after Jayhan ran
out of the store, two more customers, J.M. Reid and E. McKinnon
came in and met Wade who told them what happened.
All three men got into Reid's car to give chase and
started to go east on Marion Street to parallel Jayhan.
They saw Jayhan stop and run back towards St. Mary's Road
so they turned also.
realized as he ran on Horace that Winnipeg was the other
direction. When he
got to St. Mary's Road, he flagged down the first car driven by
William Cormode along with his son Campbell and ordered them at
gunpoint to head over the Norwood Bridge.
He then ordered them to continue over the Main Street
Bridge and head north. Before
Broadway, he ordered them to turn right between the H.B.C.
building and the C.N. station where they went under the subway.
They then made a left turn in the C.N. yards to head
towards Water Avenue.
The first customer in
the store, Jackson, also got free and ran out in time to see
Jayhan run back to St. Mary's Road and commandeer the Cormode
vehicle. He got the
license number 10-641 and supplied this to Sgt. Verne who arrived
before the car got out of sight.
Verne gave chase over the bridges, followed by the Reid
vehicle and then Jackson in his vehicle.
Before the commandeered
vehicle could reach Water Avenue, Verne overtook it and forced it
to a stop. Verne got
out of the cruiser and Jayhan got out of the other car on the
passenger side. Both
men had walked to the back of the vehicle and faced each other
about 6 - 8 feet apart. Jayhan
opened fire on the officer with a Colt .455 striking him twice in
Jayhan got back in the
Cormode car and ordered him to drive away.
Verne was loaded into the Reid vehicle with Wade holding
him as they rushed back over the Provencher Bridge to the St.
Boniface Hospital. McKinnon followed in the police car. Jackson attempted to follow the Cormode car but lost it.
He did manage to find a Winnipeg beat constable and gave
him the 1icense number of the wanted car.
The constable quickly called the information in from a call
box and it was broadcast to the Winnipeg cars.
It must be remembered
that at this time, the police radio system was in its infancy and
Winnipeg was one of the first in North America to have one.
It was established in 1930 and was a one-way system until
1939. Messages had to
be acknowledged by phone or from a call box.
Once again, Jayhan, the born loser, probably set a record
in being captured. The
officers did not even have time to acknowledge the message.
They were stopped at the intersection of Main and Bannatyne
when the message was broadcast by the O.D. (operator-dispatcher)
and the wanted car crossed Main Street in front of Constable E.
Gibson #23A and G.W. Rocky #96A.
The officers swung behind it and Const. Gibson fired one
warning shot at the car. The
driver, Cormode threw it out of gear and slammed on the brakes.
The chase was over at Bannatyne and Albert.
Jayhan did not resist.
Mr. Cormode and his son also found themselves in handcuffs
for a while until things were sorted out.
The box of drugs and the gun with four expended cartridges
were recovered from the car.
No time was wasted in
those days. St.
Boniface Police were notified of the arrest at 08:50, less than an
hour after it all began and by 09:45, Jayhan was booked into the
jail after giving a full statement. In the statement, Jayhan claimed that the officer had his gun
out and he thought he was going to shoot so Jayhan fired at the
statement was an obvious lie as Verne had not carried his gun and
was unarmed when shot down. The
gun and his other personal effects were later removed from his
carelessness or lack of fear left him in a disadvantaged position
that resulted in his death. Verne
was a big man, very strong and fearless.
In 1928, he had wrestled with three criminals and one
shoved a gun into his side and tried twice to fire it.
Verne overpowered him and he never got the chance for a
third try at the trigger. All
three received penitentiary terms and the lash.
Verne was conscious when
conveyed to the hospital and he insisted on walking in although
assisted by Wade. His
condition was critical from the beginning and he had lost a lot of
blood. At 3:35 p.m.,
he was on the operating table and being given a direct blood
transfusion from Constable Bill Russell (later Chief) when he
succumbed to the wounds.
As was the custom of the day, a Coroner's Inquest was
called immediately and held on the 26th.
All the witnesses were called, as well as Det. Sgt.
Melville from the Winnipeg Police who read out Jayhan's
statement admitting the robbery and shooting the policeman.
The report of the Inquest states it was not felt prudent to
have Jayhan there in person.
Naturally, the jury named Jayhan as the slayer.
The jury also recommended the department be increased in
size and in future, two armed officers should respond to hold-up
Another custom of the
time was to have the body moved to the family home before the
funeral and this was also done on the 26th.
Early on Saturday morning, the body was moved from the home
on Deschambault Street to the Council Chambers of the City Hall
where it lay in state from 07:00 a.m. till 09:30 a.m.
The body was then taken to the St. Boniface Basilica for
the funeral service.
'Sergeant John' was
so respected by the people of St. Boniface that all flags were
flown at half-mast and many businesses closed.
The Basilica overflowed with citizens as well as police
from Winnipeg and all local municipalities, the RCMP, and railway
police forces. The Winnipeg Police Department provided six constables, a
sergeant and an inspector as honourary pallbearers while St.
Boniface Constables Butner, Bessette, Hand, Patenaude, Desautels,
and Russell served as the pallbearers.
More than 30 children from St. Boniface schools carried
floral tributes into the Basilica as Verne's four sons followed
the casket. The
burial took place in the St. Boniface Cemetery on Archibald
Jayhan was held in the
Rupert Street jail until committed for trial and the city doctor
attended each day to administer morphine to him.
His trial was in November and on the 14th he was sentenced
to hang. On the 13th he again showed his born loser qualities by
attempting suicide by slashing his wrists.
The effort only got him a one-hour delay as he was treated
and returned to court.
On another Tuesday,
February 12th, 1935, at 07:44 a.m. Jayhan paid the supreme penalty
on the gallows at Headingly Jail.
Justice took only a few months & removed any
possibility that this killer would hurt anyone else.
Another custom of the times saw a mug shot of Jayhan framed
in a picture of his rope given to the St. Boniface Police
reminder is now at the Police Museum.
Verne was 39 years old when he died. The St. Boniface Police apparently did not have any pension provisions at that time but the Police Commission authorized a payment of $400.00 (about 2 months pay) to Mrs. Verne. The City also assumed the funeral costs and provided the services of the City Solicitor to assist her at a hearing of the Workman's Compensation Board in August. The Compensation Board would usually pay a pension of about $40.00 to the widow and a small amount for each child under 16 years of age.
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