May 2 - Charter granted by King Charles II to "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's Bay" (Hudson's Bay Company). This charter deeded to the Hudson's Bay Company "all that territory draining into the rivers flowing into Hudson's Bay". Thus the greater portion of the Dominion of Canada came into possession of the Hudson's Bay Company and so remained until 1869, when the company relinquished its territorial rights to the Dominion of Canada.
Fur trading post of Fort Rouge established.
Lord Selkirk's Colonists reached the banks of the Red River where Winnipeg now stands.
Governor Semple killed at Seven Oaks.
St. John's College founded, oldest seat of learning in Western Canada.
Fort Garry (formerly Fort Gibralter) erected.
Fort Garry rebuilt.
February 28 - First post office in Western Canada opened. William Ross appointed Postmaster.
First steamboat navigating the upper Red River reached Fort Garry.
Transfer of land by Hudson's Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada.
Uprising of Metis population under leadership of Louis Riel.
Thomas Scott, opponent of Louis Riel, shot March 4 by order of Riel.
Military expedition from Eastern Canada led by Colonel Garnet Wolseley reached Fort Garry. Louis Riel fled to the United States and uprising was terminated.
Province of Manitoba formed and became the fifth province in the Dominion of Canada.
November 8 - Winnipeg incorporated; four wards with three aldermen for each ward.
City Limits - Bounded on north by Burrows Avenue west of Main Street, and Aberdeen Avenue east of Main Street; on south by Assiniboine River; on east by Red River; and on the west by Maryland Street, Notre Dame Avenue and McPhillips Street.
January 19 - 12 o'clock noon. First meeting of City of Winnipeg's Council held on the second floor of Bentley's new building at north-west corner of Portage Avenue and Main Street.
September 16 - First Civic Holiday observed.
City Limits extended to Aberdeen Avenue between Main Street and McPhillips Street.
Cornerstone laying ceremony for the first City Hall
October 12 - First shipment of wheat exported from the Province of Manitoba (857 1/6 bushels at 85 cents per bushel). Exported by Higgins & Young, Winnipeg; consigned to Steele Bros., Toronto.
University of Manitoba founded.
Arrival in Winnipeg of C. P. R. Engine No. 1, Countess of Dufferrin.
First Railway service to Winnipeg from St. Paul, Minnesota.
First telephone brought to Winnipeg by Mr. H. McDougall.
R. M. of St. Boniface annexed part of St. Vital.
R. M. of Assiniboia incorporated.
Ward One, being the district known as Fort Rouge, taken into the City. Wards increased to six in number.
City limits extended north to Kitchener Avenue and lane north of Luxton Avenue; south of Wilkes Avenue, Waverley Street, lane south of Parker Avenue to Red River and west to Keewatin Street, St. James Street and west boundary of Parish of St. Boniface (86 feet west of Kenaston Boulevard).
First water supply in Winnipeg from Assiniboine River.
First street railway system inaugurated (horse drawn cars).
Town of St. Boniface incorporated out of R. M. of St. Boniface.
Council reduced to two Alderman for each Ward.
July 19 - Corner stone of second City Hall laid by Mayor Alexander Logan.
December 8 - Inauguration of ballot system of voting at Municipal Elections in Winnipeg.
November 16 - Louis Riel hanged for leading two Metis uprisings and for the 1870 execution of Thomas Scott.
July 1 - First Railway train over the Canadian Pacific Railway from Montreal to Vancouver.
Fort Garry Gateway presented to City by Hudson's Bay Company.
City of Winnipeg purchased Water Works Company and, from 1900 - 1911, supplied water from wells.
Brookside Cemetery included in City limits.
Province of Manitoba grants the City a second Special Charter of Incorporation after repealing the first in 1886.
R. M. of St. Boniface changed to R. M. of St. Vital.
Assiniboine Park included in City Limits.
Part Municipality of Kildonan (Elmwood), taken into the City and wards increased to seven in number, Elmwood being designated Ward Seven.
Lots 3 and 4, Parish of Kildonan, lying west of McGregor Street, taken into the city.
Lot 3, Parish of Kildonan, lying west of McGregor Street, taken into the City.
Board of Control System inaugurated and was later abolished in 1918
Redwood Bridge built.
High Pressure Pumping Station and piping system constructed.
Town of Tuxedo incorporated.
Provincial Government purchased 543 acres of land for an agricultural college which was to become University of Manitoba.
Municipal Hydro-Electric Works at Pointe du Bois completed and in operation.
April 16 - R. M. of Fort Garry incorporated. Formerly part of R. M. of St. Vital.
Elm Park Bridge built.
Town of Transcona incorporated.
Provincial boundaries extended to shores of Hudson Bay.
Lots 1 and 2, St. Charles, added to City and made part of Ward One.
R. M. of Charleswood incorporated.
City limits extended west to Doncaster Street.
R. M. of Kildonan split into the R. M. of West Kildonan and the R. M. of East Kildonan.
Portion of St. Vital annexed to City of St. Boniface.
R. M. of St. Paul split into R. M. of East St. Paul and R. M. of West St. Paul.
Kildonan Park and Golf Course included in City Limits.
City Charter revised and consolidated.
April 5 - Greater Winnipeg Aqueduct completed and soft water from Shoal Lake piped into Winnipeg water mains.
May 15 to June 26 - The Winnipeg General Strike. The Strike was a major impetus towards recognition of unions and collective bargaining in Canada.
March 27 - Legislation passed to reduce the number of Wards of the City from seven to three, and increase the number of aldermen from fourteen to eighteen.
December 3 - First Civic Election held under the Proportional Representation system.
R. M. of St. James incorporated.
Rural portion of West Kildonan separated from R. M. of Old Kildonan.
Village of Brooklands incorporated.
June 18 - Celebration of 50th Anniversary of Incorporation of City of Winnipeg.
Farming community of East Kildonan separated and incorporated as the R. M. of North Kildonan.
June 15 - Celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of Manitoba's formation as a Province and inclusion in Dominion of Canada.
September 1 - Municipal Hydro-Electric Generating Station at Slave Falls officially opened.
November 8 - 60th Anniversary of Incorporation of City of Winnipeg.
August 27 - Work commenced on Greater Winnipeg Sewage Disposal Project.
October 9 - 60th Anniversary of the arrival in Winnipeg of C. P. R. Engine No. 1 - "Countess of Dufferin"
North Winnipeg Sewage Treatment Plant completed.
Winnipeg Charter amended to provide for two-tear term for Mayor.
May 24 - Official visit of His Majesty King George VI and Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth.
November 22 - Question of extension of franchise to all British subjects over 21 years resident in Winnipeg carried by Referendum.
November 27 - First Civic Election with Adult Suffrage in effect.
June 5 to 11 - Celebration of 75th Anniversary of Incorporation of City of Winnipeg.
April - June - Red River Valley Flood with damage running into millions of dollars. River level (30.3 feet above City Datum) highest in 89 years. Other major floods by the Red River:
1826 ….. 36.5 feet above City Datum
1852 ….. 34.7 feet above City Datum
1861 ….. 32.5 feet above City Datum
1882 ….. 26.0 feet above City Datum
1892 ….. 23.5 feet above City Datum
1904 ….. 24.6 feet above City Datum
1916 ….. 24.0 feet above City Datum
1948 ….. 23.4 feet above City Datum
1966 ….. 26.3 feet above City Datum
October 16 - Official visit of Their Royal Highnesses the Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh.
Completion of construction of system of permanent dykes along Red River and part of Assiniboine River within the Greater Winnipeg area to give flood protection to a level of 26.5 feet in most areas and 30.3 feet in the downtown and Riverview areas.
City limits extended west to centre line of Edgeland Blvd.
September 19 - Last street car line - Portage Avenue and Main Street - discontinued and street cars replaced with diesel buses.
Winnipeg Charter revised and consolidated.
December 28 - Fluoridation of water supply completed.
City of St. James incorporated.
July 1 - City of East Kildonan incorporated.
July 24 and 25 - Visit of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second and His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh.
March 26 - The metropolitan Corporation of Greater Winnipeg incorporated.
Town of Brooklands incorporated.
October 16 - 50th Anniversary of Hydro Electric System
City of Winnipeg limits extended westerly to west limits of No. 6 and No. 7 Provincial Trunk Highways to include area of approximately 3500 acres effective January 1, 1963.
Opening of Red River Community College.
October 5 - Official opening of new "Civic Centre".
December 14 - Official opening of new St. Vital Bridge.
March 4 - Winter Blizzard - Length 20 hours
Temperature (Max/Min) - 7.8 degrees c/-13.3 degrees c, 18 degrees f/8 degrees f
Amount of snowfall 35.6 cm, 14 inches
Wind Speed 80 km, 50 mph
May 18 - Official opening of New Public Safety Building.
Celebration of 100th Anniversary of Canadian Confederation.
City of St. James-Assiniboine incorporated.
Fifth Pan American Games held in Winnipeg.
St. Boniface Basilica destroyed by fire.
Opening of Red River Floodway.
Celebration of the 100th Anniversary of the Province of Manitoba.
October 6 - Election of first council of new unified City of Winnipeg.
Royal assent given to Bill 36 known as "The City of Winnipeg Act creating Unicity".
January 4 - Inaugural meeting of first council of new unified City of Winnipeg.
Deacon Reservoir completed.
November 8 - 100th Anniversary of Incorporation of City of Winnipeg.
May 10 - Official visit of Her Royal Highness the Princess Margaret and Lord Snowdon.
September 16 - South Winnipeg Sewage Treatment Plant went into operation.
January 11 - Winter Blizzard - length 23 hours
Temperature (Max/Min) -14.4 degrees c/-24.4 degrees c, 6 degrees f/-12 degrees f
Amount of Snowfall 12.2 cm, 4.8 in.
Wind Speed 66 km, 41 mph.
January 14 - Official opening of the new Convention Centre.
April 30 - Official opening of the new Royal Canadian Mint.
May 4 - Official opening of Winnipeg Centennial Library.
October 26 - Communities reduced from twelve to six and Wards reduced from fifty to twenty-nine.
November 15 - Official opening of "The Fort Garry Bridge".
Official opening of City of Winnipeg Pedestrian Concourse at Portage Avenue and Main Street.
Winnipeg Core Area Initiative - A five year $96 million tripartite governmental initiative was launched to revitalize the economic, social and physical core area of Winnipeg.
Official Opening of KilCona Park and Harbour View Golf Course.
100th Anniversary of Winnipeg Transit.
Official Opening of replacement bridge, Portage Avenue at Sturgeon Creek.
Official Opening of Eldon Ross Swimming Pool.
October 29 - Official opening of "The Slaw Rebchuk Bridge".
Renewal of Winnipeg Core Area Initiative - Agreement renewed for an additional five years, and a one year extension, for $100 million tripartite government initiative launched to revitalize the economic, social and physical core aspects of Winnipeg.
General reassessment of all properties in the City of Winnipeg.
November 7 and 8 - Winter Blizzard - Length 11 hours
Temperature (Max/Min) -6 degrees c/-12 degrees c, 21 degrees f/10degrees f
Amount of Snowfall 35.2 cm, 13.9 in.
Wind Speed 70 km, 44 mph.
Opening of North Portage Development in downtown Winnipeg, including shopping mall, pedestrian bridges over Portage Avenue, and apartments. A joint development by the Federal, Provincial and City Governments, and private enterprise.
Completion of 1.2 miles of continuous weather-protected pedestrian walkway linking The Bay Department Store to Winnipeg Square, Lombard Concourse and the historic Grain Exchange Building.
July 28 - Sod turning ceremony - The Forks Development
For the first time, new legislation required the Mayor to appoint a Deputy Mayor, Acting Deputy Mayor and Charipersons of all Standing Committees, and required the Mayor to Chair the Executive Policy Committee.
Councillor J. Eadie elected as City Council's first speaker.
October 4 - Opening of the Forks Market.
October 18 - Opening of Keewatin Underpass.
General reassessment of all properties in the City of Winnipeg (1985 market value).
June 15 - Closing of Amy Street Central Heating Steam Plant.
July 6 - 14 - Western Canada Summer Games held in Winnipeg.
October 19 - Official Opening of Kildonan Bridge over the Red River.
November 8 - Official Opening of Pembina Highway overpass at Bishop Grandin Boulevard, and extension of Bishop Grandin Boulevard to Waverley Street.
March - Winnipeg hosts World Curling Championships.
November 1 - Official naming of the Chief Peguis Trail Roadway which connects the Kildonan Bridge to Main Street and to Henderson Highway.
November 20 - 24 - Winnipeg hosts Grey Cup Festival.
April 21 - First meeting of the Board of Adjustment established by Council on January 22, 1992.
May 6 - First Hansard recording of Council meetings.
May 9 - Headingly incorporates as separate municipality.
October 7 - Amendments to The City of Winnipeg Act provided for the definition and recognition of five Community Committee areas comprising a total of 15 wards, as recommended by the Winnipeg Wards Boundaries Commission.
November 3 - Inaugural meeting of newly elected reduced Council following 1992 Civic Election.
October 28 - Susan A. Thompson became the first woman to be elected as Mayor of Winnipeg.
December 21 - Amalgamation of Districts 1 and 2 of the Operations Department.
February 1 - 100th Anniversary of the Parks and Recreation Department.
June 23 - By-law No. 5915/92, Plan Winnipeg... toward 2010, is passed, which establishes a long-term plan to guide Winnipeg into the 21st century by addressing the physical, social, economic, and environmental conditions in Winnipeg.
July and August - Winnipeg experienced close to double the normal rainfall amounts. Three major storms struck the city in a 21 day period, between July 24 and August 14. Total damages due to flooding were estimated roughly between $175 - $200 million. Statistics:
1st Heavy Rainfall - July 24-25. Amounts of precipitation varied from 97mm (Charleswood) to 195mm (St.Boniface/St.Vital).
2nd Heavy Rainfall - August 8. Amounts of precipitation varied from 38mm (St.Norbert) to 93mm (Lord Selkirk-West Kildonan area).
3rd Heavy Rainfall - August 14. Amounts of precipitation ranged from 42mm (Ft. Richmond) to 58mm (North Kildonan).
September - Winnipeg became the first Canadian Municipality to implement a Council Page Program.
February 21 - Winnipeg Police Department renamed Winnipeg Police Service.
April 27 - Council approved "A New Direction for Civic Administration", approving the restructuring of the organization, based on 17 departments.
April 28 - Council passed City By-law No. 6402/94 for the provision of municipal services in both official languages. The by-law contains the City's 5-year implementation plan for delivery of French language services, including the provision of an "Access Guide to Civic Services in French".
Winnipeg awarded as host of the 1999 Pan American Games.
March - Winnipeg Development Agreement - A five year $75 million tripartite governmental initiative was launched to revitalize the economic, social, and physical aspects of Winnipeg.
June - Week of record breaking summer temperatures - 37.8 degrees c (100 degrees f). Daily records from 1888 and 1931 broken.
October 24 - Opening of the 'Charlsewood Bridge'.
October 25 - Automatic Voting Introduced.
January 1st - "Access to Information By-Law" No. 6420/94 enacted.
January - Winnipeg experienced some of the coldest January temperatures on record :
Average High -18.1 degrees c, Normal High -13.2 degrees c
Average Low -27.4 degrees c, Normal Low -22.6 degrees c
Warmest day of the month: January 12, 2.8 degrees c
Coldest day of the month: January 19, -39.4 degrees c
February - For the 3rd year in a row, the City of Winnipeg was awarded the Canadian Award for Financial Reporting (CAnFR) by the Government Finance Officers Association of the United States and Canada (GFOA), for its 1994 Annual Report.
February 9 - 13 - Winnipeg hosted the 7th International Winter Cities Conference.
November 17 - Heaviest recorded snowfall in a single day in 30 years.
February - Official opening of the Sir William Stephenson Library.
March - Council adopted "Reshaping our Civic Government", Executive Policy Committee's Strategic Direction of City Government.
April 5-6 - Worst recorded blizzard in Winnipeg this century. Total accumulated snowfall: 48 cm (Friday to Tuesday). Previous record: 1966 - 38.1 cm snowfall. Duration of storm: 24 hours, Average wind speed: 60km/h, gusting as high as 85 km/h.
April-May - Severe flooding in the Red River Basin, which became known as the "Flood of the Century". The City of Grand Forks, North Dakota was devastated and many rural communities sustained severe damage, but the City of Winnipeg was protected by the Red River Floodway and the Portage Diversion.
September 20 - During a ceremony to reaffirm and permit the Fort Garry Horse Regiment to exercise their traditional right of the "Freedom of the City", the City Zoo's 18 month old black bear Winnie was named as the regiment's mascot. The first Winnie the Bear, later to become famous as Winnie the Pooh, was the regiment's original mascot during World War I.
October 29 - City of Winnipeg Act amended, replacing the Board of Commissioners with a Chief Administrative Officer Model. Also provided for a four-term of office for Mayor and Councillors.
January 27 - The 125th Anniversary of the first City Council Meeting, held on January 19, 1874.
June - Opening of the Lyric Bandshell at Assiniboine Park with funding provided by the Asper Foundation and is located behind the Assiniboine Park Pavilion. The facility is used for summer outdoor performances and has the following amenities: rigging, sound, lighting and dressing rooms. It can accommodate large audiences and is used for annual events such as the Royal Winnipeg Ballet’s Ballet in the Park, Pooh Friendship Day and symphony, opera and jazz festivals.
June - Official opening of CanWest Global Baseball Park.
August - The Manitoba Theatre for Young People moved into its new building at The Forks. The CanWest Global Performing Arts Centre is a 28,000 square foot facility. It has four studios, a rehearsal room, wardrobe, prop and scene building shops, administration and the jewel, a re-configurable theatre.
July 24 to August 8 - Winnipeg hosted the 13th Pam American Games.
December 26, 1998 to January 5, 1999 - Winnipeg hosted the World Junior Hockey Championships.
April - The first Carol Shields Winnipeg Book Award was presented at Brave New Words, the Manitoba Writing and Publishing Awards gala. The $5,000 award is presented annually to honour books that evoke the special character of and contribute to the appreciation and understanding of the City of Winnipeg. The award was established by the Winnipeg Arts Council and is funded by the City of Winnipeg.
November 17 - Winnipeg residents bid 124,250 Britishpounds ($177,000 US) at a Sotheby’s auction and won the only known oil painting of Winnie the Pooh by his original illustrator, E.H. Shepard. The large painting of Pooh holding a honey pot is located in the Pavilion Gallery Museum in Assiniboine Park.
January - Utilizing an electronic information system developed by the City Clerk’s Department, Council meetings go paperless.
February 27 - Council approved the sale of Winnipeg Hydro to Manitoba Hydro.
July 25 to August 4 - Winnipeg hosted the North American Indigenous Games.
September - Phase 1 of the Princess Street Campus of Red River College officially opened. The campus located at 160 Princess Street consists of three buildings: the William Avenue block; the Princess Street block opened on September 2, 2003, and the Adelaide Street block which will open for classes in September 2004. The Jubilee Atrium connects these three buildings.
October 8 to 9 - Her Royal Highness, Queen Elizabeth the II and the Duke of Edinburgh, visited Winnipeg during her Golden Jubilee (50th) Anniversary celebrations, and officially unveiled the restored provincial icon, the Golden Boy.
December 11 - Council passed The Official Languages of Municipal Services By-law No. 8154/2002 for the provision of municipal services in both official languages.
January 1 - The new City of Winnipeg Charter came into effect replacing the City of Winnipeg Act.
April 5 to 13 - Winnipeg hosts the Ford World Curling Championships.
July 1 - Winnipeg City Council implements the Smoking Regulation Bylaw prohibiting smoking in public places.
Fall - The Provencher Twin Bridges are completed and the pedestrian walkway named “Esplanade Riel”. The dramatic cable-stayed pedestrian bridge is Winnipeg’s newest landmark.
November 1 - The Centennial Library closes for a $17 million renovation. The facility will reopen as the Millennium Library in early 2005.
Fall - The MTS Centre is scheduled to open.
October 19 - Her Excellency
the Right Honourable
Michaëlle Jean, Governor
General of Canada,
October 11 - Commemoration of
the 100th Birthday of the Carnegie
Library Building, 380 William Avenue,
presently the home of the City of
Winnipeg Archives. This
was the first public library building in
Winnipeg, constructed with a grant of
$75,000 from American industrialist and
philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, through
whose generosity a total of 2,500
libraries have been built around the
world. Mayor Katz presented a plaque to
the City Archivist, Gerry Berkowski, in
honour of the event.
November 8 - Official opening of the Millennium
Library. The restored portrait of Andrew Carnegie was
presented to the library by Mayor Katz.
April 19 - In recognition of the achievements of
Winnipeg-born Cindy Klassen, Canada's all-time most
decorated Olympian, as well as other Winnipeg
Olympic athletes of the 2006 Torino Olympic Games,
City Council directed that:
Sargent Park Recreation Complex be
renamed the “Cindy Klassen Recreation Complex”
the new indoor track at the Cindy Klassen
Recreation Complex be named the “Olympian
Indoor Track” in honour of all Winnipeg’s
the street formerly identified as “Recreation Road”
be renamed “Cindy Klassen Way”; and designated
the name of a new park to be “Olympic Park”.
Notably, Klassen is the first Canadian to win five
medals in one Olympic Games (the 2006 Winter
Games in Turin, Italy).
With this achievement,
she tied American Eric
Heiden's record of five
medals won at an
Olympics (1980) by a
speedskater. At the same
time, she overtook the
record of most medals
(three) at the same
Olympic games, held by
June 30 - Skateboard Park/Plaza
at the Forks officially opened.
This world renowned urban skate
plaza and bowl complex is
sensitively integrated into the
heart of downtown Winnipeg. The
facility, with a total area of over
44,000 square feet, was made
possible through a gift from The
James Burns Family Foundation.
Tony Hawk, the world’s top
skateboard athlete, visited and skated at the new
facility and shot an opening sequence for his “Secret
Skatepark 3” DVD in downtown Winnipeg.
June/July - Examples of record breaking summer days
Highest recorded average
maximum temperature of any
Sixteen of the month’s 31 days
were above 30°C; the norm is
July - City Council approved $6 million in funding for a
new world-class soccer facility, to be built on the
University of Manitoba campus. Completion is slated
October 25 - For this Civic Election, the City Clerk’s
Department introduced the “Automark” voting system
for blind/vision impaired voters.
November 19 - Winnipeg hosted the 94th Grey Cup
Game, between the B.C. Lions and the Montreal
Alouettes at the Canad Inns Stadium.
This is the third time that the Grey Cup has been held