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Crime Prevention > Drug Awareness

Street Drugs Most Found in Winnipeg
Clandestine Drug Labs | Indoor Marihuana Grow Operations | Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations | Signs of a Grow Op
Public Notices

Drug Awareness

A drug can be described as any substance which, when taken into the body changes the way the body or mind functions. Recreational drug users commonly target psychoactive substances that alter mood and perception within the brain.

Psychoactive substances can be divided into two categories, Legal and Illegal psychoactive substances. Legal psychoactive substances are those with accepted uses in medicine and psychiatry they also include the social drugs of alcohol, nicotine and caffeine. Illegal psychoactive substances are drugs like cocaine, ecstasy and Crystal Meth. Abused psychoactive substances are commonly referred to as “Street Drugs”.

Some of the least commonly to most commonly used street drugs that have been encountered by officers on Winnipeg’s streets are:

Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB):
Street names: Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Grievous Bodily Harm, Scoop or Easy Lay.

This drug is used in the treatment of narcolepsy and is a powerful central nervous system depressant. It is clear, odorless and has a soapy or salty taste. It is often found in liquid form but is also available as a white powder or pill. When taken orally it causes the feeling of euphoria, loss of inhibitions and enhanced sensuality. Consuming GHB with alcohol is dangerous as it can lead to vomiting in combination with deep sleep. It is often referred to as a “date rape” drug.

•	Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB

Gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB)

Rohypnol:
Street names: Roche, R2, rib, forget pill, roofies, trip & fall, mind erasers

Rohypnol is the trade name for Flunitrazepam and acts as a sedative, muscle relaxant, hypnotic and antidepressant. It is available in pill form and is often crushed, then mixed into food or drinks. It is said to be 10 times more potent than valium and when mixed with alcohol can cause blackouts lasting 8 to 12 hours. Commonly used as a “date rape” drug.

•	Rohypnol: •	Rohypnol:

Rohypnol

Ecstasy:
Street names: X, E, XTC, Love drug, hug drug, Adam,
Dance drug, clarity, Lover’s speed, gel caps and Molly

MDMA (3, 4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine) known as ecstasy is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that is a stimulant. In pure form it is a white crystalline powder that is often converted to pill, capsule or gel cap form. In capsule or gel cap form it can look very similar to over the counter cold and flu medication. It can be smoked, injected, swallowed or snorted. It produces feelings of increased energy, euphoria, emotional warmth and empathy toward others. It also causes distortions in sensory and time perception. Its effects are heightened when used with alcohol. It is commonly used at parties and Raves.

***NOTE. ***Many synthetic drugs are sold as ecstasy but they contain any variety of unknown substances such as BZP (Benzylpiperazine), TFMPP (Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine), DXM (Dextromethorphan), Phentermine and in some cases even Methamphetamine. Users of ecstasy put themselves in extreme danger whenever using this drug because the wide variety of substances that are used in its manufacturing.

•	Ecstasy

Ecstasy

Methamphetamine
Street names: crystal meth, crystal, meth, crank, ice, speed, glass, bitch, jib

Methamphetamine usually comes in the form of a crystalline white powder that is odourless, bitter-tasting and dissolves easily in water or alcohol. Other colors of powder include brown, yellow-gray, orange and even pink. It can be compressed into pill form to be taken orally or otherwise snorted, smoked or injected. “Crystal meth” comes in clear chunky crystals resembling ice and is most commonly smoked. Crystal meth is "cooked" in “meth labs” also known as clandestine drug labs. These labs could start in occupied or abandoned homes and warehouses anywhere within the city. Household chemicals and solvents purchased in grocery and hardware stores and cold medications containing pseudoephedrine are commonly used in the production. Production of meth can result in Fires, explosions, lethal fumes and environmental pollution. Meth is a powerful central nervous system stimulant. The drug works directly on the brain and spinal cord by interfering with normal neurotransmission. Brain damage, strokes, coma and death have all resulted from its use.

Crystal Methamphetamine

Crystal Methamphetamine

Methamphetamine (powder)

Methamphetamine (powder)

Oxycodone:
Street names: Hillbilly Heroin, Oxy, OC. O

Oxycodone is an opioid drug, much like morphine, codeine, heroin and methadone. Percocets, Oxycontin, Oxy-Neo and Percodan all contain various mgs of Oxycodone. It is available in pill form and commonly used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It gives the user a slight euphoric effect and relieves feelings of anxiety. Abusers of oxycodone quickly develop an increased tolerance for the drug causing an ever increasing dosage demand to achieve the same euphoric effect. Overdosing on an opioid drug can result in respiratory depression, brain damage and death.

An alarming new trend being seen among teens is “PHARMING PARTIES”. Pharmaceuticals such as Oxycodone, Ritalin, Morphine and Fentanyl are taken from parent’s medicine cabinets and dumped into bowls. Party goers then take any number of these pills without knowing the effects or outcome.

Oxycodone based drugs

Oxycodone based drugs

Cocaine/Crack Cocaine:
Street names: Coke, Blow, Snow, White, Flake, Up, Cola, Base, Snort, Candy cane.

Cocaine is extracted from the leaves of the coca bush, a plant that grows in South America. In powder form it is usually cocaine hydrochloride, which is then diluted or “cutted” with other substances, such as sugars or Benzocaine, Procaine or Phenacitin, all of which are local anesthetics. By “cutting” the cocaine in this way the seller can increase the volume and make more profits. Powdered cocaine dissolves in water. Users can snort or inject powdered cocaine. Crack cocaine -- commonly known on the street as "crack" or "rock" -- is made by a chemical process that leaves it in its "freebase" form, which can be smoked. Cocaine's immediate effects wear off in 30 minutes to two hours. Smoking or injecting cocaine results in a faster and shorter high, compared to snorting coke. Cocaine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant and is extremely addictive in all of its forms. Overdosing on Cocaine can result in Convulsions, coma or death.

Crack cocaine

Crack cocaine

Cocaine (powder)

Cocaine (powder)

Cannabis/Marihuana:
Street names: Grass, pot, hash, weed, reefer,
Mary Jane, dope, herb, mull, rope, buddha, ganja, joint and kush

Despite having legitimate medical purposes Cannabis is the most widely used recreational drug today. Medical marihuana differs greatly from the product which someone might buy that was grown in an illegal Indoor marihuana grow operation. The production is standardized and the quality is controlled by Health Canada. When someone buys marihuana illegally on the street, they do not know where it originated. As well, when buying marihuana on the street, there is a risk that it could be laced with other drugs such as PCP, Methamphetamine or even cut with other products, such as herbs or discarded vegetation. People using marihuana for its medical purpose are generally not seeking the drug's psychoactive effects. Smoking marihuana will cause psychological effects within 30 to 60 minutes as the psychoactive chemical THC is absorbed into the blood through the lungs and circulated around the body. Marihuana typically gives a high, or feeling of wellbeing, which is why it is abused. Marihuana can also cause acute psychosis or a temporary break with reality. Marihuana-induced psychosis happens more often in new users or in people prone to mental illness.

Cannabis/Marihuana           Cannabis/Marihuana

Cannabis/Marihuana


If you would like a Police Officer to provide a Power Point Presentation on this topic you can forward your request via one of three ways:
  • email your request to wps-communityrelations@winnipeg.ca
  • fax your request to 204-957-2450
  • mail your request to:
    Unit Commander
    Community Relations Unit
    P.O Box 1680
    Winnipeg, Manitoba
    Canada R3C 2Z7
Due to demand, we request you contact us at least six weeks prior to the event. Most presentations are one hour in duration and handouts are provided. The presentation is free of charge - room to be supplied by the organization requesting the presentation, with a minimum of 20 attendees.

Note: The spelling of Marihuana is from the Criminal Code of Canada

 


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Last update: March 3, 2014

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